abaxial - that surface of any structure which is remote or turned
away from the axis.
adaxial - that surface of any structure which is turned toward
agglutinated - fixed together as if with glue.
allantoid - slightly curved with rounded ends, sausage-like in
anamorph - the asexual (imperfect) form of a fungus.
apiculate - having an apiculus (short projection at one end by which it was fixed to the sterigma).
basidiospore - spore produced on basidium.
basidium - the organ of basidiomycetes from which usually basidiospores
bifurcate - of branching when forming a fork by the equal or near
equal growth of parent and lateral branch.
bullate - having bubble-like or blister-like swellings; having
a rounded projection at the centre.
capillitium - sterile, thread-like fungal elements between the
columella - a central axis within a sorus (usually of fungal or
conidiophore - a fertile hypha on which conidia are produced.
conidium - a specialised, non-motile, asexual spore.
cuneiform - thinner at one end than the other, wedge or axe-blade
dikaryon - a cell having two genetically distinct haploid nuclei.
disjunctor - a connective cell or projection.
dolipore septum - a septum which flares out in the middle to form a structure like a barrel with open ends.
echinulate - (of spores) having sharply pointed spines.
emend. - used in citation when an author has changed the
circumscription of a taxon but has not excluded its type.
epiphyllum - upper, adaxial side of a leaf.
foveolate - delicately pitted, dimpled.
fusiform - spindle-like, narrowing toward the ends.
guttiform - having tear-like drops.
haustorium - an outgrowth of a hypha which serves to draw food
from a host cell.
holobasidium - a whole, aseptate basidium.
homothallism - the condition in which sexual reproduction can
occur without the interaction of two differing thalli.
hypha - one of the filaments of a mycelium.
hypophyllum - under, abaxial side of a leaf.
karyogamy - union and interchange of nuclear material.
lacrimiform - like a tear drop.
muri - wall (used for the wall of meshes of spore ornamentation).
mycelium - a mass of hyphae, the thallus of a fungus.
operculate - cap or lid-like covering.
parenchyma - plant tissue of parenchymatous cells.
peridium - outer covering of a sorus.
phragmobasidium - a septate basidium.
phylogeny - (history of) evolution of animal or plant type.
polycystic - having many, bladder-like structures.
pulverulent - powdery, with a powder-like covering.
punctate - marked with very small spots.
pyriform - pear-like in form.
reticulate - like a net.
retraction septum - a cell wall formed when the cytoplasm is moving
from one part of the fungus to another.
saprobic - living on dead or decaying organic matter.
septal pore - the opening on a septal wall between two cells.
serrulate - delicately toothed.
sorus - a fruiting structure or the place where the spores are
spore ball - an ephemeral or permanent agglomeration of spores
with or without other fungal elements.
sterigma - an extension of the basidium on which basidiospores
stroma - a mass of vegetative hyphae.
taxon - a taxonomic group of any rank.
teleomorph - the sexual (perfect) form of a fungus.
teliospore - a basidium-bearing organ.
tuberculate - having small wart like processes.
type - the specimen on which is was described and to which its
name is perfectly attached.
holotype - is the (one) specimen on which the species was described.
isotype - a duplicate of a holotype.
lectotype - a type designated later from the syntypes.
neotype - the specimen selected as type when all original material
paratype - any specimen other than the holotype on which the
first description is based.
syntypes - specimens on which the orignal description is based
when no holotype was named.
topotype - a specimen from the same locality
as the type (of that species, collected later).
unispecific genus - a genus which includes only a single genus.
ventricose - swelling out in the middle or at one side.
verrucose - having small rounded processes or 'warts'.
verruculose - delicately verrucose.