Entorrhiza C.A. Weber

Type

Entorrhiza cypericola (Magnus) C.A. Weber on Cyperus flavescens L.

Synonyms

Schinzia Nägeli

Description

Sori as galls on roots of Juncaceae and Cyperaceae.

Spores formed intracellularly, terminally on the hyphae, usually solitary, thick-walled, embedded in the host tissue.

Spore germination of Entorrhiza-type, with a 4-celled basidium that remains within the spores; each basidial cell developing a branch bearing apically and subapically up to 4 falcate looped or curved basidiospores.

Host-parasite interaction by local interaction zones, lacking interaction apparatus; haustoria present.

Septal pore dolipore, without membraneous plates or caps.

Comments

Entorrhiza includes 13 species, all infecting hosts in the Juncaceae and Cyperaceae (Vánky, 2002). Three species have been found in Australia, two of which are endemic and only known from the type collections. The genus was monographed by Fineran (1978) when only five species were known.

Species in Australia
 
Entorrhiza casparyana
Entorrhiza globoidea
Entorrhiza seminarii

Key based on host taxonomy
 
On JuncusEntorrhiza casparyana
On IsolepisEntorrhiza seminarii
On ScirpusEntorrhiza globoidea