Entorrhiza C.A. Weber


Entorrhiza cypericola (Magnus) C.A. Weber on Cyperus flavescens L.


Schinzia Nägeli


Sori as galls on roots of Juncaceae and Cyperaceae.

Spores formed intracellularly, terminally on the hyphae, usually solitary, thick-walled, embedded in the host tissue.

Spore germination of Entorrhiza-type, with a 4-celled basidium that remains within the spores; each basidial cell developing a branch bearing apically and subapically up to 4 falcate looped or curved basidiospores.

Host-parasite interaction by local interaction zones, lacking interaction apparatus; haustoria present.

Septal pore dolipore, without membraneous plates or caps.


Entorrhiza includes 13 species, all infecting hosts in the Juncaceae and Cyperaceae (Vánky, 2002). Three species have been found in Australia, two of which are endemic and only known from the type collections. The genus was monographed by Fineran (1978) when only five species were known.

Species in Australia
Entorrhiza casparyana
Entorrhiza globoidea
Entorrhiza seminarii

Key based on host taxonomy
On JuncusEntorrhiza casparyana
On IsolepisEntorrhiza seminarii
On ScirpusEntorrhiza globoidea