Centrolepidosporium R.G. Shivas & Vánky

Type

Centrolepidosporium sclerodermum R.G. Shivas & Vánky

Description

Sori in the fruits of Centrolepidaceae, replacing the seeds with a black granular-powdery mass of spore balls; peridium, columella and sterile cells lacking.

Spore balls pigmented (brown), permanent, composed of a central mass of spores surrounded by a cortex of sterile fungal cells.

Spore germination resulting in branched hyphae on which basidiospores are formed on sterigmata.

Comments

Centrolepidaceae is a small family of four genera and about 40 species, known from South America and the Falkland Islands but mainly occurring from SE Asia to New Zealand. The family is closely related to the Restionaceae and also to the Poaceae. The monotypic Centrolepidosporium is the only smut fungus known to infect this family.

A monotypic genus endemic to the NT.

Species in Australia
 
Centrolepidosporium sclerodermum